B. Use of language

20 pts

B.Use of language20 pts
1. Find words or expressions in the text that mean more or less the same.3 pts
a) in former times (lines 10-15)
b) aimes(lines 10-15)
c) enormous (lines 10-15)
2. Find the opposites. 3 pts
a) pollutes(line 12)
b) banned(line 24)
c) later(line 39)
3. Explain one of the following words in complete sentences.2 pts
a) island (line 22)
b) to found(line 27)
c) proud(line 40)
4. Vocabulary - Grammar 12 pts
Read the text. Find the suitable forms of the words and write them down.
The Pacific - an Ocean in Danger
The Pacific Ocean covers 30 per cent of the earth´s surface. It is
almost twice the size of the Atlantic Ocean and you can find the
_____ places on earth there. Although the name "Pacific" means
peaceful, this ocean is in great danger since there is a very large
area of plastic waste ______ it. Plastic bottles have been part of our
_______ for a long time.
In 1978, Coca-Cola _______ the 2-liter PET plastic bottle and in
2016, over 480 billion plastic bottles ______ worldwide.
It contributes to the ______ of our planet. However, plastic has a lot
of advantages: it is much lighter _____ glass, does not break easily
and its transport and _____ are much cheaper. Besides, recycled
plastic is often turned into _____ items, such as fleece pullover or
But people who _____ throw plastic waste away may eat that same
plastic one day. It can be eaten by fish and as everyone _____, we
humans are at the top of the food chain.
The UN predicts that if trends continue, by 2050 oceans ____ more
plastic than fish by weight.

a) deep

b) to threaten
c) to live
d) introduction
e) to sell
f) to pollute
g) ?
h) to produce
i) variety

j) careless
k) to know

l) to contain
Adapted from: "School Times International" (March 2017); "Read on" (11/2017) Eilers & Schünemann
Verlag KG, Bremen