B. Use of language - Lösung

18 pts

Diese Lösungen kannst du nur betrachten, wenn du dein Smartphone quer hältst, da sie sonst zu groß sind.

Quer halten funktioniert nicht? Dann:

Die Lösungen sind dann möglicherweise verschoben oder falsch skaliert.

1. Find words or expressions in the text that mean more or less the same.4 pts
a) well-known(lines 1-11)          famous (line 5)
b) fashionable(lines 12-16)        trendy (line 13)
c) illness(lines 24-27)        disease (line 26)
d) ancient(lines 28-35)        very old (line 28)
2. Explain two of the following words in complete sentences.4 pts
a) skyscrapers(line 13)           
"Skyscrapers" are very tall / very high buildings, for example in New York.
"Skyscraperes" are buildings which are so high that it looks if they can "scrape" the sky.
b) historians(line 15)
"Historians" are people who study history.
c) frozen(line 20)
Frozen water is called "ice".
In winter you can go ice-skating on frozen lakes.
d) to destroy(line 21)
"To destroy" means to damage something totally.
"To destroy" is the opposite of "to build" / "to create".
3. Vocabulary - Grammar 10 pts
Read the text. Find the suitable forms of the words and write them down.
The Thames is England´s longest and most famous river.
It became an
important trade and transport route in prehistoric
Situated on the River Thames London soon gained fame and
All through the Middle Ages the Thames was one of London´s main
highways. River boats brought fish, wood and wool to the city, while
hundreds of
men in small rowing boats took
people up and down the river.
By the 1700s, trading ships arrived which
carried / were carrying all kinds of goods for sale.
Tea, silk and a lot of spices came from the East. Sugar
was brought
from the Caribbean, timber from Norway and iron from
Swedish / Sweden´s harbours.
The traffic on the Thames was so heavy that boats could not move
Sometimes, dozens of ships queued for days along the banks, waiting
to get a dock to unload.
a) long
b) importance

c) fortunate

d) man e) take

f) carry
g) sell
h) bring
i) Sweden

j) easy
Adapted from: http://resources.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/customs/questions/london/thames.htm